Spring 2019 marks the centenary anniversary of the Egyptian upheaval of 1919 which paved the way to the nominal independence of the country in 1922.
In master narratives of modern Egypt, 1919 is often referred to as the 'first' revolution, followed by two more in 1952 and 2011.
On August 25, 1941, the British and Soviet armies invaded Iran and deposed the Iranian king Reza Shah. After the invasion, the Allied armies, with the support of the Polish government-in-exile, decided to transfer 33,000 Polish soldiers and 11,000 refugees, including 3,000 children, to Iran.
Online digital platforms, which are overwhelmingly American-based and operated, have penetrated every sector of American and Western-European societies, disrupting markets and labor relations, circumvent
Last October, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) produced a report on why we should endeavour to limit global warming to no more than 1.5°C. This briefly triggered media attention on the need to decarbonise transport and energy sectors leading to zero emissions by 2040.
Cultural heritage is a casualty of war. When the goal is to destroy families, communities, and sometimes even entire cultures, adversaries and extremists target the elements of heritage; historic structures, works of art, sacred places, and treasured objects.
Geoffrey Chaucer (1343–1400) was ahead of his time. Having visited Italy twice on diplomatic missions he modeled a significant number of his narratives on works by Dante, Boccaccio, and Petrarch, long before these writers were ‘discovered’ during the English Renaissance.